Project #4991

Defining Potential Chemical Peaks and Management Options

Principal Investigator
Research Manager
Ms. Julie Minton
Kennedy/Jenks Consultants
Endocrine Disrupting Compounds, Pharmaceuticals & Personal Care Products (EDCs & PPCPs)
Reuse: Direct Potable
Reuse: Indirect Potable
Reuse: Potable


This project addresses the presence and cause of chemical peaks that can escape full advanced treatment (FAT) of recycled water. By conducting a literature review, three case studies at full-scale FAT facilities, and experimentation on commercial total organic carbon (TOC) analyzers, the project identified families of compounds that can escape FAT at full-scale facilities, along with additional treatment processes (including blending) that are appropriate to dampen potential chemical peaks. This research will help regulators and utilities address the challenges of potable reuse without significant environmental buffers. Research partner: California State Water Resources Control Board. Published in 2021.


Public Plus

SWB DPR Research Webcast Part 2: Chemicals

This is the second event in a two-part webcast series that will showcase the research outcomes of WRF’s first California State Water Board (SWB) Grant . This webcast, held in...