Project #1413

Identification of Barriers to Energy Efficiency and Solutions to Promote These Practices

Principal Investigator
Research Manager
Lauren Fillmore M.S.
Brown and Caldwell
Energy Optimization
Energy Efficiency


The information presented in this report builds on the Water Environment Federation’s Energy Roadmap (WEF, 2013) framework by tracing the path of a successful energy program and identifying common barriers and strategies that promote progress along that path. The research included a national survey of more than 110 wastewater service utilities which provided their input on those barriers along with the outcomes of utility focus groups designed to capture detailed experiences. Published by WERF. 206 pages. Online PDF. (2015)

This project was a collaborative effort between WERF and the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA). Originally funded as WERF project ENER7C13.