Energy projects within the water sector are often discretionary and are initiated based on projected annual energy savings metrics. The water sector lacks standard energy savings estimation procedures, as well as measurement and verification approaches and procedures that adhere to the Efficiency Valuation Organization’s 2012 International Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol. This project seeks to fill this gap by assessing economic feasibility and energy reduction impact analyses currently used by drinking water and wastewater utilities. This investigation will inform the development of an improved and standardized framework for future economic feasibility evaluations and post-construction measurement and verification of energy performance. Research partner: Great Lakes Water Authority.