This research provides a practical, user-friendly tool that wastewater agencies can use to identify and assess the benefits and costs of their biosolids management options. It provides an objective and comprehensive basis for considering all the benefits and costs-both internal and external-so that utility managers, governing officials, customers, and other stakeholders can better understand the implications of the applicable biosolids options. The report describes the approaches, methods, and tools available to help utilities take a broad perspective and develop benefit-cost analysis (BCA) of their biosolids management options. Includes a CD ROM with Economic Analysis Framework and Energy Recovery software tools for an interlinked alternative method for applying the economic framework. Published by WERF. 314 pages. Soft cover, CD ROM with two and Excel-based tools, and online PDF. (2007)
Originally funded as WERF project 04-CTS-2.