Although a well-established water reclamation technology for reuse applications, there is a need to further understand the capabilities of membrane bioreactor (MBR) technology in municipal water resource recovery applications requiring achievement of low effluent nitrogen and/or phosphorus concentrations. The aim of this research was to evaluate MBR process designs in municipal water resource recovery facilities. Various MBR biological nutrient removal (BNR) process configurations and unique features of MBR processes for nutrient removal were considered. Results from full-scale and pilot-scale MBR BNR installations were used to evaluate process designs, technology performance statistics (TPS), and operating issues for achieving low effluent concentrations of nitrogen and phosphorus. Published by WERF. 152 pages. Online PDF. (2015)
Originally funded as WERF project NUTR1R06u.