Project #4686

Processes Controlling the Development of Effective Lead Corrosion Control with Orthophosphate

$74,881
In Progress
Principal Investigator
Daniel
Giammar
Research Manager
Mr. Jonathan Cuppett
Contractor
Washington University in St. Louis
Corrosion
Lead & Copper
Distribution System Management
Water Quality
Phosphorus

Abstract

The goal of this project is to provide new scientific insights into the addition of orthophosphate for corrosion control that will enable efficient application of phosphate to control both dissolved and total lead concentrations in water. Laboratory-scale experiments were performed for two scenarios to further investigate the impact of orthophosphate addition on lead release. One scenario was the addition of orthophosphate to water in pipes that have scales containing lead(IV) oxides (PbO2) before and after the residual disinfectant is switched from free chlorine to chloramine. The other scenario was the addition of orthophosphate to water in pipes at a higher pH (~10.3) than that for which orthophosphate is typically used (i.e., pH 7.2-7.8). The project was funded through a Memorandum of Understanding between WRF and the National Science Foundation (NSF). Published in 2019.