Development of Indicators and Surrogates for Chemical Contaminant Removal during Wastewater Treatment and Reclamation
This study provides guidance to the water reuse industry on how to assure proper removal of wastewater-derived chemical contaminants in indirect potable reuse applications using a combination of tailored surrogate parameters and a select list of indicator compounds. The recent detection of a variety of chemicals in municipal wastewater effluent has raised concerns about the potential presence of wastewater-derived chemical contaminants in water produced by indirect potable reuse systems. Since it is impossible to measure all chemicals present in recycled water, the approach developed in this study uses a combination of surrogate parameters that are easy to measure and can serve as performance measures of a treatment process. Co-sponsored with the WateReuse Foundation, the Bureau of Reclamation, and the California State Water Resources Control Board. 170 pages. Soft cover and online PDF. (2009)
Originally funded as WERF project 04-HHE-1CO.