By utilizing the resources of two wastewater agencies, this study investigated the potential for non-FAT technology systems – ion exchange (IX), biological activated carbon (BAC), and AOP – to treat wastewater effluent for removal of trace organic compounds (TOrCs) for potable water reuse applications. The project findings provide valuable data and insights that are significant to both water and wastewater utilities are seeking options for managing TOrCs. The information will benefit utilities practicing or implementing reuse by providing treatment guidelines and approaches for assessing the need for additional testing, identifying operational modifications that can improve the performance of existing treatment processes, and determining conditions where advanced treatment might be necessary. Published by WE&RF. 186 pages. Online PDF. (2017)
Originally funded as WERF project Reuse-13-10.