This project examined the impact of wastewater characteristics on the performance and operation of high-rate carbon removal processes. The research focused on evaluating the improvements or deterioration of the capture of the various chemical oxygen demand fractions in the treated waste stream by conducting detailed mass balances on organics. A conceptual activated sludge model for carbon transformation in high rate processes was developed, and the data from this project was used as part of larger database to calibrate it. Process and environmental conditions promoting carbon capture were identified to provide a roadmap to reach energy neutrality. Published in 2019.
Originally funded as WERF project U3R14.