Project #4971

Leveraging the Role of Pretreatment Programs in One Water Initiatives: Synthesis of Best Practices and Path Forward

In Progress
Principal Investigator
Research Manager
Dr. Harry Zhang, Ph.D., PE
Carollo Engineers
Utility Management
Integrated Planning & Water Management
Water Quality


To support the concept of One Water planning, utilities and municipalities are better integrating water resources and expanding on traditional pretreatment programs. These innovations can provide a meaningful and cost-effective opportunity to support One Water initiatives. However, no formal study has been conducted to fully assess the opportunities and the barriers to expanding pretreatment practices for supporting One Water initiatives. This project will evaluate pretreatment programs and their relationship to One Water goals, identify regulatory requirements impacting pretreatment programs (including factors that drive or inhibit innovation) review pretreatment programs and their relationship with the operations of publicly owned treatment works (POTWs) and the commercial/industrial user community, and identify potential opportunities to leverage pretreatment programs in implementing One Water strategies. A white paper, published in 2022, outlines best practices, case studies, and the results of a national survey of POTWs and their related pretreatment programs. A final report is in progress and will be published at a later date.