Project #4762

Methodology for Assigning Pathogen Removal Credits to Desalination Intake Wells

$330,392
In Progress
Principal Investigator
Zia
Bukhari
Research Manager
Dr. Harry Zhang, Ph.D., PE
Contractor
American Water
Resource Recovery
Reuse
Desalination
Source & Receiving Waters

Abstract

This project investigated whether subsurface intakes could serve as useful treatment tools in a multi-barrier treatment regime to improve water quality, while reducing reliance on more expensive or energy-intensive downstream treatment processes. The research evaluated regulatory monitoring frameworks (e.g., groundwater, GWUDI, and surface water) to determine the most appropriate approach for monitoring subsurface intakes, and looked at methods for determining pathogen removal credits. Published in 2019.

Originally funded as WERF project Desal-14-06.