This project evaluated two emerging desalination technologies that showed promise for at least 10-15% savings in specific energy consumption during seawater desalination. The project consisted of a literature review and a pilot-scale evaluation of TFN RO membranes and the semi-batch RO process. Pilot-scale evaluations of TFN RO membranes were conducted at West Basin Municipal Water District’s Ocean Water Demonstration Facility using seawater from the Pacific Ocean. A pilot-scale evaluation of the semi-batch RO process was conducted at the Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) facility in Tel Aviv, Israel. Published by WE&RF. 194 pages. Online PDF. (2016)
Originally funded as WERF project Desal-11-04.