Drinking Water Through Recycling: The Benefits and Costs of Supplying to the Distribution System
This report from the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering (ATSE) examines the potential for direct potable reuse in Australia.

Ensuring Urban Water Security in Water-Scarce Regions of the United States
In December 2013, The Johnson Foundation at Wingspread partnered with ReNUWIt (the National Science Foundation’s Engineering Research Center for Re-inventing the Nation’s Urban Water Infrastructure) to convene a diverse group of experts to examine technical, public policy, regulatory, research and other institutional opportunities and impediments to securing urban water supplies in water-scarce regions of the United States. The discussions covered demand-side and supply-side strategies with a focus on optimizing the use of available water supplies in lieu of building new conventional infrastructure projects (e.g., reservoirs, pipelines).

M24 Planning for the Distribution of Reclaimed Water
This manual from American Water Works Association (AWWA) provides information on sources of nonpotable water for reclamation, potential uses of reclaimed water, water reuse regulations, planning and engineering nonpotable distribution systems, treatment options, service connections, system operations & maintenance, public health protection, understanding customer needs and concerns, and financial issues.

M50 Water Resources Planning
This comprehensive, how-to manual and guide demonstrates, developed by the American Water Works Association (AWWA), provides information on how to develop a plan for new water supplies to accommodate projected future water demands.

Monitoring Strategies for Chemicals of Emerging Concern (CECs) in Recycled Water
Provides the results and recommendations to the state of California in order to help them refine their recycled water policy by providing guidance for developing monitoring programs that assess potential CEC threats from various water recycling practices.

Recycling (Water)
This informational page by the California Department of Water Resources provides an overview of recycled water for the general public. It also contains survey information and links to more information.

ReNUWIt (Re-Inventing the Nation's Urban Water Infrastructure)
ReNUWIt is an interdisciplinary, multi-institution research center whose goal is to change the ways in which we manage urban water. Their site provides access to research, education, and partnerships as well as aggregated news.

Reuse Resource Community
This American Water Works Association (AWWA) community is intended to keep the water industry informed about resources, tools, issues, and developments related to reclaimed water.

San Diego Recycled Water Master Plan
The city of San Diego is required to a develop a Recycled Water Master Plan (RWMP) to define, encourage, and develop the use of reclaimed water within its boundaries.

San Diego Recycled Water Study
Serves as a guidance document in helping policy leaders in San Diego make the important decisions ahead regarding water reuse and the region’s water and wastewater infrastructure.

Sustainable Integrated Water Management Research Program
The Water Environment & Reuse Foundation (WE&RF) research area takes a holistic approach to wastewater, stormwater, drinking water, and reclaimed water. This page provides a summary of their research objective along with links to relevant news, products, and related links.

2012 Guidelines for Water Reuse
Developed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), this document supports state and local efforts to develop water reuse regulations and guidelines in the absence of federal regulations.

Water Reuse: Potential for Expanding the Nation's Water Supply through Reuse of Municipal Wastewater (2012)
Water Reuse presents a portfolio of treatment options available to mitigate water quality issues in reclaimed water along with new analysis suggesting that the risk of exposure to certain microbial and chemical contaminants from drinking reclaimed water does not appear to be any higher than the risk experienced in at least some current drinking water treatment systems, and may be orders of magnitude lower. This report recommends adjustments to the federal regulatory framework that could enhance public health protection for both planned and unplanned (or de facto) reuse and increase public confidence in water reuse.

An effort led by the Department of Reclamation to support more sustainable water use through partnerships at the federal, state, and local level.


Last updated August 2017