Case Studies to Identify Occurrence, Accuracy, and Causative Factors of Reverse Flow as Measured by Meters - 4384
Completion Year Research Value Research Manager Principal Investigator Contractor
2016 $621,619.03 Dr. Jian Zhang Orren Schneider American Water
The purpose of this project was to use reverse flow sensing meters to better understand the frequency of reverse flow and identify the conditions in distribution systems that promote backflow, and develop guidance for utilities on reducing the occurrence of reverse flow promoting conditions. This guidance is based upon meter data collected from a variety of utilities, in-depth case studies of backflow promoting conditions, and development and application of a testing protocol for the accuracy of reverse flow sensing meters. Published in 2016.

Report NameReport #AvailableOrder ReportDownload PDFExecutive Summary
Case Studies to Identify Occurrence, Accuracy and Causes of Reverse Flow Using Meter Systems438411/21/2016
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