Project #1335

Toolbox for Water Utility Energy and Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emission Management

Research Manager
Lauren Fillmore M.S.
Energy Optimization
Energy Efficiency


The report evaluates, compares, and contrasts process models, impact assessment methods, and performance indicators used by water utilities in North America, Europe, South Africa, and Australasia to evaluate their energy use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The report identifies how these tools can be used to support management decisions at water utilities. It also discusses the implications of differences, investigates opportunities towards a harmonized assessment method, and provides recommendations for additional work. 170 pages. You can download the report at

Originally funded as WERF project CC3C10.