Providing safe drinking water is a highly energy-intensive activity – necessary for raw water extraction and conveyance, treatment, distribution, and storage.

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Although the true financial cost of energy is a key concern, water utilities are also keen to sustain their role in environmental stewardship and are looking for ways to optimize their systems to reduce their energy footprint. It is important to further understand ways in which utilities can optimize treatment and employ other energy savings programs to reduce energy consumption and emissions while continuing to protect public health.