AWWA B600-10 Powdered Activated Carbon
This American Water Works Association (AWWA) standard describes powdered activated carbon (PAC) for use in adsorption of impurities for water supply service applications.

AWWA B604-12 Granular Activated Carbon
This AWWA standard describes virgin granular and extruded activated carbons for use as a filter medium and adsorbent in water treatment.

Drinking Water Treatability Database
This U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) website presents referenced information on the control of contaminants in drinking water. The site may be navigated either by finding a treatment process or a contaminant. Some of the data provided may also be exported to MS Excel®.

Low-pressure Membrane Filtration for Pathogen Removal: Application, Implementation, and Regulatory Issues
The results of this EPA study, summarized in this report, were used to support the development of the regulatory framework and guidance for membrane filtration under the Long Term 2 Enhanced Surface Water Treatment Rule (LT2ESWTR). The primary objective of this report is to summarize the current use and status of membrane filtration technologies for drinking water applications as well as the regulatory requirements that govern this technology.

Membrane Filtration Guidance Manual
This manual published by the EPA provides technical information on the use of membrane filtration and application of the technology for compliance with the LT2ESWTR.

Membrane Processes
This U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (USBR) page provides an overview of membrane processes with a repository of documents on the following related topics:

  • General Membrane Information
  • Pilot Studies
  • Membrane Materials and Module Development
  • Membrane Characterization
  • Fouling and Cleaning of Membrane Systems


Ultraviolet Disinfection Guidance Manual for the Final Long Term 2 Enhanced Surface Water Treatment Rule
This manual published by the EPA provides background information and guidance on UV light, microbial response to UV light, and UV reactors, as well as associated regulatory requirements in the LT2ESWTR.

Water Quality and Treatment: A Handbook on Drinking Water, Sixth Edition
The essential engineering and operations reference book, published by AWWA on water quality and water treatment plant processes.


Last updated October 2016