Lead(IV) Oxide Formation and Stability in Drinking Water Distribution Systems - 4211
Completion Year Research Value Research Manager Principal Investigator Contractor
2012 $203,975.95 Traci L Case Daniel Giammar Washington University in St. Louis
This project examined the dynamic processes that form lead oxide solids in drinking water distribution systems and that control their subsequent stability and dissolution. The project also examined the mechanisms through which lead oxide dissolves and the potential for orthophosphate and low levels of free chlorine to mitigate lead release. Published in 2012.

Report NameReport #AvailableOrder ReportDownload PDFExecutive Summary
Lead(IV) Oxide Formation and Stabillity in Drinking Water Distribution Systems42119/27/2012 
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